Countries & Nationalities

English Vocabulary

The word 'Nationality' is not often used in spoken English. It is a formal and official word and it appears more frequently in written English. You will find the word 'Nationality' is used a lot in the travel industry and for immigration.

We almost never say: What is your nationality?

We usually say: Where are you from? OR Where do you come from?

To tell someone your nationality you DON'T say: My nationality is Chilean.

You say: I'm Chilean

TO BE with Nationality and Country
Singular Plural
Country Countries
Nationality Nationalities

List of Countries, Nationalities and their Languages

Below is a list of countries with the appropriate nationality. The Language that appears is the main language that is spoken in the country. We have not included all the languages that they may speak in that country.

Country Nationality Language
Afghanistan Afghan Persian - Pashto
Argentina Argentine
Australia Australian English
Belgium Belgian French / Flemish
Bolivia Bolivian Spanish
Brazil Brazilian Portuguese
Cambodia Cambodian Cambodian
Cameroon Cameroonian French / English
Canada Canadian English / French
Chile Chilean Spanish
China Chinese Chinese
Colombia * Colombian Spanish
Costa Rica Costa Rican Spanish
Cuba Cuban Spanish
Denmark Danish (Dane) Danish
Dominican Republic Dominican Spanish
Ecuador Ecuadorian Spanish
Egypt Egyptian Arabic
El Salvador Salvadorian Spanish
England English English
Estonia Estonian Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopian Amharic
Finland Finnish Finnish
France French French
Germany German German
Ghana Ghanaian English
Greece Greek Greek
Guatemala Guatemalan Spanish
Haiti Haitian French / Creole
Honduras Honduran Spanish
Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian
Iran Iranian Persian
Ireland Irish Irish / English
Israel Israeli Hebrew
Italy Italian Italian
Japan Japanese Japanese
Jordan Jordanian Arabic
Kenya Kenyan Swahili
Laos Laotian Laotian
Latvia Latvian Latvian
Lebanon Lebanese Arabic
Lithuania Lithuanian Lithuanian
Malaysia Malaysian Malay / Malaysian
Mexico Mexican Spanish
Morocco Moroccan Arabic / French
Netherlands Dutch Dutch
New Zealand New Zealander English / Maori
Nicaragua Nicaraguan Spanish
Norway Norwegian Norwegian
Panama Panamanian Spanish
Paraguay Paraguayan Spanish
Peru Peruvian Spanish
Philippines Filipino Tagalog / Filipino
Poland Polish Polish
Portugal Portuguese Portuguese
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Spanish
Romania Romanian Romanian
Russia Russian Russian
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabic
Scotland Scottish English
South Korea Korean Korean
Spain Spanish Spanish
Sweden Swedish Swedish
Switzerland Swiss German, French, Italian, Romansh
Taiwan Taiwanese Chinese
Tajikistan Tajik Tajik (Persian)
Thailand Thai Thai
Turkey Turkish Turkish
Ukraine Ukrainian Ukrainian
(The) United Kingdom British English
(The) United States American ** English
Uruguay Uruguayan Spanish
Venezuela Venezuelan Spanish
Vietnam Vietnamese Vietnamese
Wales Welsh Welsh / English

* NOTE: Colombia is the correct spelling of the country and not "Columbia".

** You will notice that people from United States have the nationality 'American'. Some people from other parts of the American continent (especially Central and South America) tend not to like the word American for people from the United States. You will find that they will call them North American.

What next?

Try our interactive games about Nationalities and Languages.

Practice your Vocabulary with our interactive Hangman Game which includes 100 different countries (great for spelling).

Teacher Resources

Nationalities in English Word Search - ESL Teacher Resource

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