Describing Trends in IELTS Writing Task 1

IELTS Academic Writing

In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 you will be tested on your ability to describe and interpret information presented in a graph, table, chart or diagram.

You will need to describe trends, compare and contrast data or report statistical information. Occasionally you will need to describe a process (which we will explain in another section).

In order to do well in this section, you need to know specific vocabulary related to describing trends.

Verbs to describe an upward trend

The following verbs can be used to describe a trend or pattern that goes up.

Sentence examples using words that show an upward trend:

Verbs to describe a downward trend

The following verbs can be used to describe a trend or pattern that goes down.

Plunge and Plummet, when describing trends, have the same meaning.

Sentence examples using words that show a downward trend:

Words and phrases used to describe a stable trend

To describe a more or less stable pattern, you can use the following expressions:

Adverbs used when describing trends

Adverbs describe HOW something happens. They usually come after a verb.

To see the degree of intensity of these adverbs, look at the chart below.

Academic Writing Task 1 Summary Chart

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 - Describing Trends Vocabulary

Nouns used when describing trends

Quick IELTS Academic Writing Tips when describing trends

Do not describe every small upwards or downwards movement. You need to look at the important trends or characteristics and give a general overview.

You will normally use verbs in the past tense when describing trends though always look for dates to confirm which tense to use.

Do not write about things that do not appear in the graph. You shouldn't give an opinion, just describe the information that appears.

Even if your grammar (and vocabulary) is perfect, you will lose marks for not showing an accurate understanding.

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